Root canal therapy, also known as endodontic treatment, is a dental procedure performed to treat and save a severely infected or damaged tooth. The term "root canal" refers to the natural cavity within the tooth that contains the dental pulp, which consists of nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue.
Root canal therapy becomes necessary when the dental pulp becomes infected or inflamed due to deep decay, repeated dental procedures on the same tooth, cracks or chips in the tooth, or trauma to the tooth. If left untreated, the infection can spread, leading to severe pain, abscess formation, and ultimately, tooth loss.
Root canal therapy is typically performed under local anesthesia to ensure a pain-free experience. Advances in dental technology and techniques have made root canal procedures more efficient and comfortable for patients, with high success rates in saving teeth that would otherwise need extraction. It is important to maintain good oral hygiene practices and attend regular dental check-ups to prevent future dental problems.